Inquiry Every Day and Every Way with the Big6!
The Big6 is a six-stage model to help anyone solve problems or make decisions by using information. Some call it information literacy, inquiry, research skills, or an information problem-solving process…but we call it the Big6!
Using the Big6, you will identify goals, seek, use, and assemble relevant, credible information, then reflect—is the final product effective and was my process efficient? The Big6 works anywhere—the classroom, workplace, or at home. Moreover, it works across content areas and aligns easily with state and national learning standards.
What is the Big6?
The Big6 is a process model of how people of all ages solve an information problem. From practice and study, we found that successful information problem-solving encompasses six stages with two sub-stages under each...
1. Task Definition
1.1 Define the information problem
1.2 Identify information needed
2. Information Seeking Strategies
2.1 Determine all possible sources
2.2 Select the best sources
3. Location and Access
3.1 Locate sources (intellectually and physically)
3.2 Find information within sources
4. Use of Information
4.1 Engage (e.g., read, hear, view, touch)
4.2 Extract relevant information
5.1 Organize from multiple sources
5.2 Present the information
6.1 Judge the product (effectiveness)
6.2 Judge the process (efficiency)
What is the Super3?
The Super3 contains the same basic elements as the Big6 but is written for younger students to understand.
1. Plan (Beginning)
When students get an assignment or a task, BEFORE they start doing anything, they should think:
What am I supposed to do?
What will it look like if I do a really good job?
What do I need to find out to do the job?
Information Seeking Strategies
2. Do (Middle)
In the Middle the students DO the activity. This is where they read, view, tell, make a picture, etc.
Location and Access
Use of Information
3. Review (End)
Before finishing the product and turning it in, students should stop and think— Is this done?
Did I do what I was supposed to do?
Do I feel ok about this?
Should I do something else before I turn it in?
Why the Big6 and Super3?
We all suffer from information overload. There’s just too much “stuff” out there, and it’s not easy to keep up. At the same time, there’s an irony—yes, we are surrounded by information, but we can never seem to find what we want, when we want it, and in a form we want it so that we can use it effectively.
One solution to the information problem—the one that seems to be most often adopted in schools (as well as in business and society in general)—is to speed things up. We try to pack in more and more content, to work faster to get more done. But, this is a losing proposition. Speeding things up can only work for so long. Instead, we need to think about helping students to work smarter, not faster. There is an alternative to speeding things up. It’s the smarter solution—one that helps students develop the skills and understandings they need to find, process, and use information effectively. This smarter solution focuses on process as well as content. Some people call this smarter solution information literacy or information skills instruction. We call it the Big6.